IELTS READING 3

Hello, you guys. The latest IELTS Reading exercise has finally come out. The reading passages were extracted from Cambridge IELTS 9, which I found that many struggles while doing tests on this book. So, I have included the full answer key and explanation for every question in the paper this time. Hope you will enjoy it. OK, so here is the link:
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IELTS READING 2

Hello, you guys. Long time no see :). I’m finally ending up here with the latest version of IELTS READING 2 !!! :). I know you may find the following exercise familiar to you, so the novel thing here is that I have included the full explanation for each answer. Now, it woulb be much easier for you to proofread and see your mistakes, thus boosting up your reading skill. Continue reading

READING 27 (A SMALL TEST)

PREVIEW:

PART 1 (12 pts)

 Questions 1-5

Reading Passage has seven paragraphs  A-G.

Choose the most suitable headings for paragraphs C-G from the list of headings below.

Write the appropriate numbers i-x in boxes 29-33 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i The Crick and Watson approach to research
ii Antidotes  to bacterial infection
iii The testing of hypotheses
iv Explaining the inductive method
v Anticipating results bef ore data is collected
vi How research is done and how it is reported
vii The role of hypotheses in scientific research
viii  Deducing  the consequences of hypotheses
ix Kar l Popper’s claim that the scientific method is hypothetico- deductive
x The unbiased researcher

Example

Paragraph A            ix

29      ParagraphC

30      ParagraphD

31      ParagraphE

32      ParagraphF

33      Paragraph G

THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

A   ‘Hypotheses,’ saidMedawar in 1964,‘are imaginative  and inspirational in

character’;  they are ‘adventures of  the

mind’. He was arguing in favour of the

position taken by Karl Popper in The

Logic of Scientific Discovery (1972, 3rd

edition) that the nature of scientific

methodis hypothetico-deductive and

not, asis generally believed, inductive.

B     It is essential that you,  as an intending

researcher,  understand the difference

between these two interpretations of the

research process so that you do not

become discouraged or begin to suffer

from a feeling of  ‘cheating’  or not going

about it the right way.

C  The myth of scientific method is that it is

inductive: that the formulation of

scientific theory starts with the basic,

raw evidence of the senses –  simple,

unbiased, unprejudiced observation. Out

of these sensory data –  commonly

referred to as ‘facts’ — generalisations

will form. The myth is  that from a

disorderly array of factual information

an orderly,  relevant theory will

somehow emerge. However, the s tarting

point of induction is an impossible one.

D   There  is no such thing as an  unbiased

observation. Every act of observation

we make is  a function  of what we have

seen or otherwise experienced in the

past. All scientific work of an

experimental or exploratory nature starts

with s ome expectation about the

outcome. This expectation is a

hypothesis.  Hypotheses provide the

initiative and incentive for the inquiry

and influence the method. It is in the

light of an expectation that s ome

observations are  held to be relevant and

some  irrelevant, that one methodology

is chosen and others discarded, that

some  experiments are conducted and

others are not. Where is, your naive,

pure and objective researcher now?

be correct then your hypothesis has been

supported and may be  retained until

such time as some further test shows it

not to be correct.  Once you have arrived

at your hypothesis, which is  a product of

your imagination, you  then proceed to a

strictly logical and rigorous  process,

based upon deductive argument —

hence the term ‘hypothetico-deductive’.

E    Hypotheses  arise  by guesswork, or byinspiration,  but having been formulated

they can and must be tested  rigorously,

using  the appropriate methodology. If

the predictions you make as  a result of

deducing certain consequences from

your hypothesis are not shown to be

correct then you discard or modify your

hypothesis.  If the predictions turn out to

F   So don’t worry if you have some idea of

what your results  will tell you before

you even begin to collect data; there are

no scientists in existence who really wait

until they have all the evidence in front

of them bef ore they try to work out what

it might possibly mean. The closest we

ever get to  this situation is when

something happens by  accident; but

even then the researcher has  to

formulate a hypothesis  to be tested

before being sure that, for example, a

mould might prove to be a successful

antidote to bacterial infection.

G   The myth of  scientific method is not

only that it is inductive (which we have

seen is  incorrect) but also that the

hypothetico-deductive method proceeds

in a step-by-step,  inevitable fashion. The

hypothetico-deductive method describes

the logical approach to much research

work, but it does not describe the

psychological behaviour that brings it

about. This is much more holistic  —

involving guesses , reworkings,

corrections, blind alleys and  above all

inspiration,  in the deductive  as well as

the hypothetic component -thanis

immediately apparent f rom reading the

f inal thesis  or published papers. These

have been, quite properly, organised into

a more serial, logical order so that the

worth of the output may be evaluated

independently of  the behavioural

processes by which it was obtained. It is

the difference, for example between the

academic papers with which Crick and

Watson demonstrated the structure of

the DNA molecule and the fascinating

book The Double Helix in which Watson

(1968) described how they did it. From

this point of  view, ‘scientific method’

may more usefully be thought of as a

way of writing up research rather  than as

a way of carrying it out.

 

 

Questions 6 and 7

In which TWO paragraphs  in reading passage does  the writer give advice directly to  the reader?

Write the TWO appropriate letters (A—G)  in boxes 6 and 7 on your  answer sheet.

Questions 8-11

Do the following statements reflect the opinions of the writer in Reading Passage ?

In boxes 7-10  on your answer sheet write

YES                if the statement reflects the opinion of the writer

NO                  if the statement contradicts the opinion  of the writer

NOT GIVEN             if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

7     Popper says that the scientific method is hypothetico-deductive.

8     If a  prediction based on a hypothesis is fulfilled, then the hypothes is is confirmed as true.

9      Many people carry out research in a mistaken way.

10    The  ‘scientific method’ is more  a way of describing res earch than  a way of doing it.

Question 12

Choose the appropriate letter A-D and write it in box 12 on  your answer sheet.

Which of the following statements bes t describes the writer’s main purpose in Reading Passage ?

A    to advise Ph.D students not to cheat while carrying out research

B    to encouragePh.D students  to work by guesswork and inspiration

C    to explain to Ph. D students  the logic which the scientific research paper  follows

D    to help Ph. D students by explaining different conceptions of the research process

THAT’S THE END OF PART 1. NOW TURN TO PART 2 !

TURN OVER THE NEXT PAGE

(For more, click on this link: https://app.box.com/s/xtlmklg2vq1evx222cjz)

Good luck and success !

 

 

 

READING COMPREHENSION #22

I have renewed this exercise. From now, there will be three parts including GUIDED CLOZE, OPEN CLOZE and READING. In the READING part, I will upload IELTS, TOEFL or CAE reading passage for gifted students and students who are mastering IELTS, TOEFL and CAE. HERE IS THE FULL PDF: https://app.box.com/s/i763m5bvr4jf0ie936qc

PREVIEW (NO ANSWER KEY INCLUDED)

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READING COMPREHENSION #21 – Including news from famous newspapers

HERE IS IT. ENJOY READING !

LINK

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READING COMPREHENSION – Hard

Are you interested in seeing the beautiful fall foliage of New England but tired of traffic jams and overbooked hotels? Then this year forget the crowds in New England and see the beautiful colors of autumn in the Catskills.5 These rugged mountains in New York State, just 90 miles northwest of New York City, are famous for the legendary tales of Rip Van Winkle, and more recently for the summer hotels that sprang up in the region during the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. Families trying to escape the 10 heat of New York City found the Catskills to be the perfect place to stay for a month or so each summer. By the late 1950s there were over 500 resorts and hotels offering nighttime entertainment as well as all kinds of outdoor activities. Famous comedians like Jackie Gleason, Joan Rivers, and Sid Caesar all got their start touring 15 the hotel clubs here. Since the introduction of air-conditioning and cheaper air travel, however, families have stopped coming to the Catskills in such large numbers, choosing instead more distant locations at different times of the year. Many of the Catskill hotels closed in the 1970s, but some remain and have expanded and changed 20 their facilities to meet the needs of today’s visitors.

Currently, there are many activities available to the traveler besides witnessing the changing colors of the leaves. There is an all-organic sheep farm where visitors can see how a traditional sheep farm operates. 25 There are also hundreds of miles of scenic drives in the area. Route 42, for instance, is an excellent site for spotting bald eagles. For more information on vacations in the Catskills, call the Office of Public Information.

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