READING COMPREHENSION #22


I have renewed this exercise. From now, there will be three parts including GUIDED CLOZE, OPEN CLOZE and READING. In the READING part, I will upload IELTS, TOEFL or CAE reading passage for gifted students and students who are mastering IELTS, TOEFL and CAE. HERE IS THE FULL PDF: https://app.box.com/s/i763m5bvr4jf0ie936qc

PREVIEW (NO ANSWER KEY INCLUDED)

a. GUIDED CLOZE TEST (10 POINTS)

CYCLING

What’s the furthest you have ever cycled? Perhaps you cycle to school or to work, or maybe at 1. ____ a short cycling trip with friends? How would you feel about spending months on the road travelling solo from the UK to China, by bike?

For British cyclist Pete Jones, camping rough and cycling 2. ____ distances through in hospitable terrain are second nature. Mr Jones is currently undertaking a mammoth trip across the Eurasian 3. ____ from Britain to China.

Pete Jones is no stranger 4. ____ China. But he says many people there are puzzled by his passion for cycling, asking why he would 5. ____to cycle when he can afford a car. Indeed, while there are an estimated 400 million bicycles in China, where it has long been the 6. ____ form of transport, rapid economic growth has fuelled an explosive 7. ____ in car ownership.

Edward Genochio, another British cyclist who completed a 41,000km trip to China and back, said one of his aims was to “promote cycling as a safe, sustainable and environmentally benign means of getting about”.

In the UK, the last few years have seen a 8. ____ in the number of people choosing two wheels over four, with some estimates saying the number of people cycling to work has almost doubled in the last five years.

Politicians also see cycling as a 9. ____ to boost their eco-credentials, with people such as London mayor Boris Johnson often riding to work under his own steam. But we may have to wait some time before we see him emulating Pete Jones 10. ____attempting to cycle all the way to China!

(Adapted from a report on BBC Learning English)

 

1. A. attempt                     B. last                                   C. most                                D. much

2. A. high                            B. long                                 C. tremendous                 D. wide

3. A. area                             B. land                                  C. continent                      D. ground

4. A. with                            B. on                                     C. for                                     D. to

5. A. like                              B. rather                              C. prefer                              D. choose

6. A. favourable               B. likely                               C. fast                                   D. preferred

7. A. expansion                 B. extent                             C. extension                      D. blow

8. A. decrease                  B. fall                                    C. fair                                    D. rise

9. A. method                     B. way                                  C. mean                               D. tool

10. A. in                               B. on                                     C. at                                       D. by

B. OPEN CLOZE (15 POINTS)

THE GAME OF “GO”

Liao Xingwen, like most six-year old boys, enjoys playing games. What is unusual is that 11. __________ one Liao plays happens to 12. __________ one of the most challenging board games in the world. Liao, who lives in the Chinese city of Guilin, is learning to master “Go”, which was invented over 400 years ago by Chinese emperors and used 13. __________ an aid in working out military strategy. Around fifty million people in East Asia play “Go”, some of 14. __________ high-learning professionals. One indication 15. __________ the game’s popularity is the high number of viewers that televised matches attract in Japan and China. Ever 16. __________ he was five, Liao has lived apart 17. __________  his parents. He’s looked after by a couple of professional players, under 18. __________ guidance he plays for anything 19. __________ to eight hours a day.

20. __________ the rules of “Go” are fairly simple, the technique needed is fiendishly difficult. It is claimed that the game takes two minutes to learn but 21. __________ lifetime to master. The board on 22. __________ “Go” is played consists of a series of vertical and horizontal lines, and players mark out territory on it with their stones and try to capture their opponent’s stones.

Professionals are ranked 23. __________ a scale from one to nine and Liao’s ambition is to become a level nine player one day. Liao is now taking part in a Mind Sports competition in London 24. __________ as many as forty challenging mind sports are being played. 25. __________  so, “Go” is still considered the most difficult game in the competition.

C. READING  (HEADINGS): We will start from IELTS reading strategies for the IELTS test book. The key will include my explanation (It will be a bit rusty) (50 POINTS)

 

NOTICE YOU THAT I TYPED THIS ON KEYBOARD. SO PLEASE ASK US BEFORE COPYING

 

In this exercise, you will read a passage and then answer the question that follow. The suggested time for reading the passage and answering the questions is 10 minutes

 

Population Growth and Food Supply

 

1 About two thirds of the world poupulation live in what are loosely called “developing countries”. Of course, strictly speaking, all countries are developing but the term is used to describe those which are undeniably poor. Although the rich countries have only about 34 % of the world’s population, they earn about 90 % of the world’s income. They also possess 90 % of the world financial resources, and 80 % of the world scientists and technicians. They produce 80 % of the world protein – including 70 % of its meat and they eat it.
 2 Thanks to an impressive succession of agricultural revolutions, man’s food-growing capacity is now hundreds of times larger than it was at the turn of the century, and we are now feeding more people than at any time in the history. Nonetheless, the number of hungry and malnourished people is also larger than at any time in the history. Admittedly, total food production has increased since 1961 in most parts of the world. Yet, per capita food production is little changed from the inadequate levels of the early 1960s. In short, world and regional production have barely kept up with population growth, as Fig. 1 shows
 3 There appear to be five food problems. First, there is the problem of quantity – of every human beings getting enough calories to provide him with the energy to work and progress. Second, there is that of quality – of everyone getting enough of protein, vitamins, and necessary minerals. Next, there is the matter of distribution: we have to find satisfactory ways of transporting, storing and issuing food. Then there is the problem of poverty: many people in developing countries do not have money to buy food in sufficient quantitu and of sufficient quality. And last, we must find ways of advoiding ecological side-effects. In other words, we must be able to grow enough food without further degarding our land, water and air
 4 A number of proposals have been made to improve food quantity and quality. An obvious and very necessary one is  to limit population growth. Another is to increase the amount of land under cultivation by clearing forests and irrigating arid land. Furthermore, the ocean (comprising 70 % of the Earth’s surface) is a potential source of more food, and there have been developments recently in the use of nonconventional proteins and synthetic foods. And last, various attempts are being made to increase the yield per hectare by developing or selecting new genetic hybirds of plants (the “Gren Revolution”), by increasing the use of fertilizers, water, pesticides and herbicides, and by using modern agricultural and management techniques in poorer countries.
 5 But the basic facts remain, which are that the world’s population is increasing at a rate of about 3 % p.a.. If food production can also be increased by 3 % p.a., this will provide for human needs only at the present inadequate level. Something better is needed. Yet many countries are already failing to increase the rate of their food production by 3 % annually. The situation is particularly disturbing because population increase and inadequate food production are both worse in the very countries that are alreasy short of food
 6 Are we, then, doomed in massive famines in coming decades ? There is no easy answer to this controversial question. The introduction of new high-yield wheat and rice in parts of Asia and Africa since 1967 created a wave of optimism. But by 1973, bad weather plus a relization of the limitations of this increase in yield caused a return to pessimism. Some experts point out that we are already experiencing the greatest famine in the history of mankind, with somewhere between 5 and 20 million human beings dying from starvation, malnutrition and malnutrition-caused diseases each year. Half are children under five.

 

Question 26-31

Choose a suitable heading for each paragraph of the passage from the list below. Note there are more headings than paragraphs (30 points)

 A Food production must grow faster
 B Developing countries vs. rich countries
 C The Green Revolution
 D Avoiding ecological side-effects
 E Increasing the yield per hectare
 F What’s our future ?
 G Food problems
 H Food produciton growth vs. population growth
 I Consumption of resources in rich countries
 J Improving quality and quantity

 

26 Paragraph 1 ____
27 Paragraph 2 ____
28 Paragraph 3 ____
29 Paragraph 4 ____
30 Paragraph 5 ____
31 Paragraph 6 ____

 

Question 32-35

32. Choose a suitable title for the passage from the list below by circling an appropriate letter (2 points)

A. Improve Food Quantity and Quality

B. Feeding the World

C. Problems Concerning Food Production

D. The Success of the Green Revolution

33. When was the per capita food production the highest ? (2 points) __________

34. Name two food problems (10 points)

__________                      __________

35. Name two attempts made to increase the yield per hectare (6 points)

__________                      __________

 

Good luck and success !

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