bị động (ex+key)


 Passive Voice ( Thể bị động)

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Passive Voice là thể bị động hay bị động cách.

 

Tất cả các câu mà chúng ta đã viết là ở thể chủ động (Active Voice). Trong thể chủ động chủ từ là kẻ phát sinh ra hành động, ở thể bị động chủ từ là kẻ chịu tác động của hành động đó, hành động này có thể do một đối tượng nào đó gây ra. Trong tiếng Việt ta dùng thể bị động bằng các từ được hoặc bị.

 Xét ví dụ sau:

 Active               – The teacher punish the pupils.

 (Thầy giáo phạt các học sinh)

 Passive            – The pupils are punished.

 

            (Các học sinh bị phạt.)

 Passive Voice được thành lập theo cấu trúc:to be + Past Participle

 

Động từ to be phải được chia phù hợp với chủ từ và thì của câu.

 Nếu chúng ta muốn nói rõ hơn đối tượng nào gây ra hành động ta dùng by. Ví dụ:

 The pupils are punished by teacher.

 

            (Các học sinh bị phạt bởi thầy giáo)

 Sau các động từ như will, can, must,… và have to, be going to,… ta dùng to be ở dạng nguyên thể của nó.

 Xem kỹ các ví dụ sau:

 The new hotel will be opened next year.

    (Khách sạn mới sẽ được mở vào năm tới.)

 The music at the party was very loud and could be heard from far away.

 

            (Nhạc ở buổi tiệc mở rất lớn và có thể nghe từ xa)

 This room is going to be painted next week.

 

            (Căn phòng này sắp được sơn vào tuần tới.)

 Nhớ rằng với Passive Voice thì của câu thường được xác định bởi động từ to be.

 Xem cách dùng Passive Voice ở các thì như sau:

 Simple Present

 Somebody cleans this room  

 

            – This room is cleaned.

 Present Continuous

 Somebody is cleaning this room.

 

            – This room is being cleaned.

 Simple Past

 

Somebody cleaned this room.

 

            – This room was cleaned.

 Present Perfect

 Somebody has cleaned this room.

 

            – This room has been cleaned.

 Simple Future

 Somebody will clean this room

    – This room will be cleaned.

Get

 Đôi khi người ta dùng get thay cho be trong Passive Voice.

 Ví dụ:

 This room get cleaned often. (Căn phòng này thường được lau.)

 Dùng get trong Passive Voice để nói điều gì xảy ra với ai hay với cái gì, thường thì hành động không được dự định trước mà xảy ra tình cờ, như:

 The dog got run over by a car.    (Con chó bị một chiếc xe hơi cán phải.)

 Nhưng không phải lúc nào cũng có thể thay be bằng get. Ví dụ:

 George is liked by everyone.

 (George được thích bởi mọi người (=Mọi người đều thích Goerge.

  Trong câu này ta không được thay be bằng get.

 It is said that…, He is said to…

 Trong tiếng Anh người ta thường dùng Passive Voice trong các trường hợp mà người Việt không hề dùng.

 Chúng ta xét ở đây hai mẫu đặc biệt của cách dùng này:

 

It is said that…  có thể dịch        : người ta nói rằng…

 

He is said to…              : người ta nói rằng anh ta…

 Ví dụ:

 It is said that you’ve just built a large house.

 – You’re said to have built a large house.

  (Người ta nói anh mới vừa xây một căn nhà rộng lắm.)

 It is said that he’s very old.- He’s said to be very old (Người ta nói ông ta già lắm rồi.)

 

1. Bill is using the computer at the moment
2.They pay designers a lot of money
3.When did they decorate your kitchen?
4.We have to test these products
5. Somebody was recording our conversations
6. How do people pronounce this word?
7. The police will tow away cars left here
8. The situation is serious. We must do something before it is too later
9. They have postponed the concert
10. They are goung to build a new supermarket next years
11. Has your Father repaired the car?
12. They export bananaa to European
13You can Find flowers in almost every part of the word

key

A.    The computer is being used by Bill at the moment.
=> Note: adverb of time “at the moment” ph
i luôn cui câu.
B. Designers are paid a lot of money.
C. When was your kitchen decorated?
D. These products have to be tested.
E. Our conversations were being recorded.
F. How is this word pronounced?
G. The cars will be towed away by the police.
H. The situation is serious. Something must be done before it is too late.
I. The concert has been postponed.
J. A new supermarket is going to be built next year.
=> Note: Vì là Passive Voice nên sau “is going to” ph
i là BE + V3/ed.
K. Has the car been repaired by your father?
L. Bananas are exported to Europe.
M. Flowers can be found in almost every part of the world.

 

 

 

Put the verb in parentheses () into the passive voice. Use past simple passive only.
Example: Ice cream ____ (eat) in China centuries ago. Answer: Ice cream was eaten in China centuries ago.


1. This recipe………………(introduce) to Europe by the famous explorer Marco Polo.

2. This frozen dessert……………………(think) to have been developed by the Chinese but recent research shows that it was first made in India.

3. This frozen dessert ……………(call) FROGURT.

4. Then, the ice cream ………………….(place) inside the cone.

5. The waffles ……………………..(use) as serving dishes for the ice cream.

6. The people at the World’s Fair………………………….(delight) by this delicious combination.

7. The ice cream vendor talked with the waffle-maker and an agreement……………….(make).

8. The ice cream cone ………………(create) many years later, in 1904.

9. The first public ice cream shop…………………..(open) in 1832 by a former White House cook.

10. Recipes for ice cream …………………(bring) to America by European immigrants.

11. Not enough dishes…………..(bring) by the ice cream vendor.

12. In addition to fruit and ice, milk (use) in this second recipe.

13. Ice cream……………….(serve) by the President’s wife in the White House in the early 1800s.

14. Ice cream ……………(sell) at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis.

15. Fruit and ice………………..(combine) to make a refreshing treat.

16. First, the waffles………………..(twist) into a cone shape.

17. By the seventeenth century, cream ………………(use) in the recipes for a richer dessert.

18. By the 1200s, a second type of ice cream ………………(discover) in China.

19. A type of ice cream ………………(invent) by the Chinese many centuries ago.

20. A recipe for this type of frozen treat ……………….(bring) to ancient Rome.

key

1.    This recipe was introduced to Europe by the famous explorer Marco Polo.
2. This frozen dessert was thought to have been developed by the Chinese but recent research shows that it was first made in India.
3. This frozen dessert was called FROGURT.
4. Then, the ice cream was placed inside the cone.
5. The waffles were used as serving dishes for the ice cream.
6. The people at the World’s Fair were delighted by this delicious combination.
7. The ice cream vendor talked with the waffle-maker and an agreement was made.
8. The ice cream cone was created many years later, in 1904.
9. The first public ice cream shop was opened in 1832 by a former White House cook.
10. Recipes for ice cream were brought to America by European immigrants.
11. Not enough dishes were brought by the ice cream vendor.
12. In addition to fruit and ice, milk was used in this second recipe.
13. Ice cream was served by the President’s wife in the White House in the early 1800s.
14. Ice cream was sold at the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis.
15. Fruit and ice were combined to make a refreshing treat.
16. First, the waffles were twisted into a cone shape.
17. By the seventeenth century, cream was used in the recipes for a richer dessert.
18. By the 1200s, a second type of ice cream was discovered in China.
19. A type of ice cream was invented by the Chinese many centuries ago.
20. A recipe for this type of frozen treat was brought to ancient Rome. .

 

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